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Thursday, March 21, 2019

Everything You Need To Know About Cerebral Malaria: Complications Of Cerebral Malaria In The Body

What Happens In Cerebral Malaria? : Five Things You Probably Didn't Know about Plasmodium falciparum.

cerebral malaria in nigeria
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Cerebral malaria requires emergency or urgent medical attention whenever the situation arises. If not properly managed, it could lead to life threatening complications and possible irreversible neurological disorder especially among children.

On this post, we shall identify the basic facts about cerebral malaria you ought to know.

Malaria is believed according to reports; to be the leading cause of death in Nigeria especially in children. It is evident that Nigeria happens to record the highest number of malaria infection globally.

In Nigeria alone, not less than 1.5 million cases of new malaria infections are recorded annually. It is highly recommended that once you notice any symptom of malaria or you have been exposed to mosquito bites, the next line of action is to get tested before taking any self medication which many are already used to.

The major reason why getting tested is highly beneficial to your health is because; the test will give you a clear and straight forward approach to identifying the nature of infection you are hosting, how long and to what extent has this infection affected your health as well as the best treatment methods that will be most effective in treating such infection.

Here are 5 basic facts about cerebral malaria you must know:

#1 What is Cerebral Malaria?

CM is caused by a protozoan parasite that is being transferred to human by female anopheles mosquito. This parasite needs both mosquito and human to complete its life cycle.It is also worthy of note that, Plasmodium falciparum is regarded as the most deadly specie of malaria causing plasmodium in human.

CM is regarded as an acute medical condition that affects the brain characterized by seizure and other complications that may be life threatening.

#2 Cerebral Malaria Trivial

For every cerebral malaria patient, you should know that it requires an urgent medical attention; patients who get adequate and timely treatment can fully recover. However, in a situation where there is no proper treatment, cerebral malaria is the leading cause of brain injury, blindness, epilepsy and other neurological disorder especially in children.

#3 Cerebral Malaria Effects: Can Cerebral Malaria Affect The Brain

In most cerebral malaria cases especially in children, seizure is a predominantly recognized characteristic of CM. Most children experience this and repeated prolonged seizure is responsible for irreversible neuron damage which may lead to cognitive deficits.

Epilepsy is another effect that is common in CM cases as well as speech impairment; it can cause speech and language disorder. Surviving children tend to loose the ability to fully regain their vocabulary, memory, receptive and expressive speech capabilities.

Other long term effects include jaundice and chronic renal failure.

cerebral malaria in nigeria
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#4 What Are The Likely Symptoms Of Cerebral Malaria Symptoms?

The most common signs and symptoms of CM include:

  • Headache
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Unconsciousness
  • Convulsion
  • Hypo-tension
  • Coma
  • Neck stiffness
  • Retinal haemorrhages
  • Abnormal eye movement
  • Pouting
  • Motor abnormalities
  • Anemia
  • Jaundice 
  • Hepatosplenomegaly

#5 Cerebral Malaria Treatment: Is Cerebral Malaria Curable?

CM can be effectively treated with anti-malaria chemotherapy and also quinine (the most effective treatment for severe malaria condition). In case of seizure; anticonvulsant should be administered; however, anti-inflammatory drugs, diuretics, adrenaline, heparin, hyperbaric oxygen therapy etc should not be given.

Here is my other post on MALARIA

Hope you have benefited one or two things about cerebral malaria; if so, let us hear your view via the comment box below.

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